Frogs, Pacific Northwest
Frogs are amphibians, which comes from the Greek word amphibios which means living a double life.
Most are born in water as tadpoles and gradually change into adults although some, known as direct developers, are born fully developed. This allows them to be born and live far away from water, such as on mountaintops.
They mainly feed on insects and small animals like earthworms, minnows and spiders. They don’t need to drink the way we do, they simply absorb water through their permeable skin!
The Pacific Northwest’s tiniest frogs are smaller than a penny, but did you know that the worlds largest frog can grow to be longer than 30 cm and weigh more than 3 kilos!
There are more than 4,700 species of frogs around the world. There are about 90 species of frogs in North America. Unfortunately, around 120 amphibian species, including types of frogs, toads and salamanders, have disappeared from the planet since the early 80s. As they are indicators of an areas health, this should be considered a serious problem.
They can be found on every continent in the world except Antarctica. However, the highest concentrations are found in warmer tropical climes.
On the coast you can find bronze, bull, northern red legged, chorus and the western toad. Frogs are known as an indicator species and can tell us how healthy an ecosystem is. The majority of amphibians complete the first part of their life cycle in the water and then move onto land as adults.
Just about anywhere you go on the coast, you will hear them, its such an awesome sound when you are camping. It truly says spring has sprung.