The Ring Necked Pheasant of the Pacific Northwest
With its beautiful plumage, and long streaming tail, there is no denying the aesthetic appeal of the Ring Necked Pheasant. It is also highly regarded on the table, so it is no surprise that humans should attempt to keep them closer to hand.
A native of Asia, the pheasant was first introduced to British Columbia in 1882. There have been many introductions in various parts of the province, with birds coming from England and China.
Many of the introductions have failed, and today viable populations are found mainly in the Fraser Valley, southeastern Vancouver Island up to Campbell River area, the Okanagan Valley, and the Creston and Salmon Arm areas. In some cases, the populations are augmented on a regular basis.
These birds are sedentary, favoring a variety of open habitats. They do quite well in agricultural settings, but with development pressure on these habitats, pheasant populations are declining in many areas. Surveys continue to be done in the spring in some areas, to count the numbers of crowing males.
The Ring Necked Pheasant are omnivores and their diet varies with seasons. During the winter months, they feed on seeds, grains, roots, and berries, During the summer months, they will feed on insects, plant shoots, spiders, earthworms, and snails. Breeding hens and young chicks eat a greater proportion of animal matter than the rest of the population. While laying eggs, females eat large quantities of snails for the calcium that she needs to build stronger shells.
Pheasants build their nests on the ground, using grasses, twigs and roots. The nests sometimes have a domed appearance when tucked under vegetation. The female can lay up to 28 eggs, but half that number seems to be about average. The eggs hatch within 23 days. The young leave the nest and begin to feed themselves shortly after they hatch.