Lewis Moonsnail

Lewis Moonsnail, Vancouver Island, BC
Lewis Moonsnail, Vancouver Island, BC, Photo By Bud Logan

This is the coastal region’s largest living sea snail, having a shell diameter that can reach 14 cm. The shell is a yellowish-white to pale brown in color, almost round and quite large. The life expectancy is from 2 to 3 years.

Moonsnails glide on a very large, mucus-covered foot which, when fully extended, can be up to 30 cm long. When this fleshy mantle is extended, it will nearly cover the snail’s shell. The animal can discharge water which allows it to shrink, slide into its shell and seal the opening by closing its operculum. The snail cannot stay in the shell for long periods because it needs to breathe.

Lewis Moonsnail Egg Case, Vancouver Island, BC
Lewis Moonsnail Egg Case, Vancouver Island, BC, Photo By Bud Logan

Moonsnails feed on clams, mussels, and other various mollusks, and sometimes they will even prey on their own species. They use their foot to clamp onto the clamshell and then using their tongue, they can drill a hole in the clam’s shell. The foot can form a siphon which they push through the hole and suck up the flesh of the clam.

This animal is quite unique in its reproduction. In late spring and early summer, the egg case of the Lewis Moonsnail can be found. It is a mixture composed of sand and mucus that forms a single gelatinous ribbon sand collar. In between the layers of this sand, collar are thousands of eggs. As the sand disintegrates over a period of weeks, the larvae are released into the water column. The larvae move into deeper water and feed as herbivores on diatoms and sea lettuce for a while, then switch to shellfish as they grow. When wet, the collar remains quite rubbery and pliable but becomes brittle when it dries out. Fascinating snail to observe in the wild.

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