Centipedes & Millipedes

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Common Centipede

Common Centipede, Vancouver Island, BCThe common centipede that lives in the Pacific Northwest is a brownish red in color with long antennae at the front and a pair of long legs at the back which reach out almost as far as the antennae. The Common centipede can crawl backward almost as easily as it can crawl forwards. Read More….

 

 

Harpaphe Haydeniana Millipede

Harpaphe haydeniana Millipede, Vancouver Island, BCHarpaphe Haydeniana Millipedes (almond scented millipede) are a common sight in the Pacific Northwest, it stands out with its bright yellow spots running the length of the black body. These spots are a warning to predators that this millipede is poisonous. Read More….

 

 

Narceus Americanus Millipede

Narceus Americanus Millipede, Vancouver Island, BCNarceus Americanus Millipedes overwinter in rotting logs or in soil. In the spring, they emerge and mate. The females form nests using regurgitated food and then lay a single egg into it. They will brood the egg by wrapping themselves around it. In several weeks it will hatch as a nymph, they will have only three pairs of legs, but more grow with each molt. Read More….

 

 

Stone Centipedes

Stone Centipede, Vancouver Island, BCThey have a flattened, segmented body, long antennas, and many legs. The centipede’s body is divided into two parts, the head, and a segmented trunk and they breathe through holes in their body. Centipedes have a hard exoskeleton that protects their soft internal organs. Read More….

 

 

 

Common Centipede, Vancouver Island, BC
Common Centipede, Vancouver Island, BC

Centipedes and millipedes can be found all over Vancouver Island. Centipedes can easily be distinguished from millipedes by counting the number of pairs of legs arising from most body segments, millipedes have two pairs, while centipedes bear one pair per segment, with the first pair of legs being modified into fangs.

Centipedes are generally flattened and have a pair of well developed antennae on the head. Some centipedes, such as the house centipede have long legs and are capable of running rapidly.

The largest centipedes may grow to be about 15 cm long. Millipede bodies are rounded or somewhat flattened. Legs are short and movement is slow, with movement of legs appearing wave like. Most species are less than 4 cm long.

Harpaphe Haydeniana Centipede, Vancouver Island, BC
Harpaphe Haydeniana Centipede, Vancouver Island, BC, photo by Bud Logan

Centipedes and millipedes spend the winter as adults in protected habitats and become active in the spring. During the warmer months, females lay eggs in soil and cover them with a sticky substance, although some species give birth to living young.

Immature stages (larvae) hatching from eggs several days later are similar to adults but smaller, having fewer leg bearing body segments.Additional leg bearing segments are produced with each molt. Millipedes develop through about seven stages in 21 to 25 weeks. Some centipedes are known to live to 6 years.

Centipedes and millipedes prefer to live in moist habitats and during the day hide underneath rocks, logs and other objects in contact with the ground. They are active at night. Centipedes feed on insects and spiders. They kill by grasping prey with their powerful fangs and injecting venom. The fangs are located on the body segment just below the head. Millipedes feed on decomposing organic matter, but will occasionally damage seedling plants by feeding on leaves, stems and roots.

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