Wildflowers T to Z

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Tall Oregon Grape

The Tall Oregon Grape Plant has good autumn leaf color, abundant clusters of yellow flowers, and dark black, edible fruits have made this handsome, spiny leaved evergreen shrub a widely promoted ornamental, especially in the American West. The Tall Oregon Grape Plant is a wonderful coastal landscape shrub. It’s attractive all year round and produces edible berries which make an excellent wild jelly. Read More….




Slipping easily off into your hand when ripe, this ruby-red berry is aptly named for its pronounced cup shape. This is the best tasting and least appreciated berry. Thimbleberries are a little bit sour, but not too much, which gives them a bit of pizzazz.” Read More….




Tiger Lily

The Tiger Lily is a beautiful native plant that blooms profusely during late June in the native forests of the southern BC coastal Region. This lily has a huge range, being found in open areas from Quebec to southern British Columbia and southward. It’s quite beautiful to observe in the wild. The Tiger lily is often grown in the flower garden but in the Orient, it is cultivated for its edible bulb. Read More….



Trailing Blackberry

This is the only native blackberry species in British Columbia. The Trailing Blackberry is a low, trailing plant with deciduous leaves and white to pink flowers that produce the small blackberry fruits. This is a very tasty berry, my wife and I love to pick them. The fruits are best eaten fresh. The leaves can be used for a medicinal tea for stomach ache and the roots can be used for a medicinal tea for diarrhea. Read More….




The Twinberry plant is a long-lived deciduous shrub which grows up to 4 m in height. Leaves are bright green, elliptical, and paired opposite each other on the stem. The flowers are small, tubular and yellow, they grow in pairs that are surrounded by leaves. The plant flowers in June and July. The leaves turn from green to a striking dark red in late summer as the fruit ripens. Read More….




This beautiful plant has two pink bell-like flowers on a slender stem, and a thicker stem below which creeps along the ground, forming small mats of the plant. It is one of our smallest and most beautiful native flowers. Twinflower occurs all around the world in the boreal forest zone of the northern hemisphere. It grows in all of BC. Twinflower is a small plant belonging to the honeysuckle family. Read More….



Vanilla Leaf

The Vanilla Leaf plant grows from a slender rhizome and often forms huge stands in forest and woodlands. This plant sends up tall stalked leaves directly from a rhizome just under the surface of the ground. At the tip of each leaf stalk sits a three-part leaf, each hairless leaflet shaped like a broad fan, its edges coarsely toothed. The main leaves of a vanilla leaf stand are often arranged horizontally, presenting a pleasing flattish surface. In the shade, the leaves are a soft warm green often in contrast to the predominantly dark green within the forest canopy. Read More….


Wall Lettuce

Wall Lettuce is a plant that loves the cold northwest growing conditions, it grows all over the BC coast. You can also find it from Alaska south to Oregon and as far east as the Rockies. It flowers from June to October. Look along shady roadsides, open fields, logged off areas and other disturbed sites. Although native to Europe, it is now fully established on the coast. Read More….



Western Lady Slipper

These delicate pink and white western lady slipper flowers are common orchids found along the carpeted floor of the BC coastal region forests. Western Lady Slipper orchids are circumpolar in range and found across most of Canada from British Columbia and Alberta, east to Newfoundland, and south to California, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona. Read More….



Western Peppergrass

Western Peppergrass is a round plant formed by many slender branches, each branch has a short dense raceme of tiny white flowers at the end. This plant flowers from March to August, sometimes it will push out a second flowering after heavy rain in the fall. Some of its common names are Western Peppergrass,  Pepperweed, and  Pepperwort. There are 12 varieties of Peppergrass. They prefer to grow from Sun to partial sun. It grows all over Vancouver Island. Read More….



Western Starflower

The Western Starflower is a member of the Primrose family. It is also called the Pacific Starflower. This beautiful little flower grows all over the south coast of BC and blooms in late May to early June.  The Western Starflower is one of the more common spring wildflowers on Vancouver Island,  occurring in both deciduous and coniferous forests. Depending on latitude and elevation, Starflowers generally bloom from mid to late spring into early summer. Read More….



Western Trillium

The Western Trillium is a protected flower in BC. It is illegal to dig up Trillium’s or pick the flowers in the wild due to the protection act.  The reasons for the importance of the protection of the trillium is that once it has been picked the flower’s growth stunted for years. The trillium, in reality,  takes up to fifteen years to flower and once it has been picked it dies and the entire process has to begin again. Read More….



White Fawn Lily

The White Fawn Lily is native to the Pacific Northwest, from Oregon into British Columbia. They grow in shallow moss-covered forest soils that have accumulated on rocky outcroppings. The flower stalk grows between 18 cm to 30 cm tall. The white flower heads hang downward with the petal tips curved up. After the flower is pollinated the stalk straightens and the flower head turns upward. Read More….



Wild Ginger

The Wild Ginger Flower is a native North American perennial found growing in moist rich soils in shady woodlands on Vancouver Island. They grow along the shore of the Ralph River. It prefers a rich moist neutral to acid soil in a shady woodland setting. Wild Ginger contains the constituent aristolochic acid which is a naturally occurring toxin that is suspected of causing cancer, human cell mutations, and end stage kidney failure. Read More….



Wild Strawberry

Of the wild foods on Vancouver Island, the wild berries rank as most popular and of the berries the Wild Strawberry is the best. Like many wild and cultivated fruits, the Wild Strawberry Plant belongs to the Rose Family. These perennial herbs form loose bluish-green carpets speckled by clean white flowers. Read More….



Woodland Strawberry

The Flowers are found up to 15 on stems that are up to 25 cm long (usually longer than leaves) with white petals that are up to 11 mm long. The Fruit is a small, delicious, red berry with seeds distributed on the surface, they ripen in July. Woodland Strawberries like to grow in moist open woods, stream banks, and meadows and are widespread across the B.C.coast. Read More….



Woolly Sunflower

The Woolly sunflower is a beautiful flower that grows wild all over the south coast, l have transplanted this plant into my garden beds at home and its a nice addition to them. Flowers bloom singly on long stems that rise above the foliage, the leaves are a beautiful silvery-blue color. Flowers bloom from the end of May to August. Woolly sunflower prefers dry, open areas like rocky bluffs talus slopes in low to mid-elevations. In B.C. it ranges along the coast southward from Vancouver Island, lower mainland and into the Fraser Canyon. Read More….



Many native elders of B.C. value yarrow as a medicine especially to treat sores. First Peoples soaked the leaves in hot water, then used them in a poultice for sore muscles. This same poultice could be used to treat saddle sores on horses. Washed and crushed roots were recommended for toothaches. Various teas and concoctions were prepared for internal problems and as a general tonic. Read More….



Yellow Monkey Flower

You can encounter yarrow throughout B.C. from sea level to mid-elevations. Natural habitats tend to be moist for at least part of the year. On bedrock surfaces, typical situations include wet ledges and seeping rock faces as well as crevices. Other habitats include gravel bars, streamsides, springs, and damp clearings. On the south Island, plants bloom in local ditches after the water has dried out. Read More….



Yellow Water Lily

Yellow Water lily thrives throughout British Columbia and all of coast. It and its botanically close relatives range across Canada and much of the U.S. and throughout northern Europe and Asia. It is commonly found in the shallow water of lakes, ponds and slow rivers. On British Columbia’s coast almost every lake margin supports a zone of pond lily. It even thrives in small pools within coastal acid bogs. They bring such beauty to our Island lakes and ponds. Read More….



Yellow Wood Violet

The Yellow Wood violet prefers a habitat that consists of moist woods and especially likes the edges of streams. The species grows abundantly in moist sub-alpine environments. At mid to low elevations, the violet is particularly common where deciduous trees form a major part of the forest canopy. In BC you can find this violet almost anywhere in the southern portion of the province, including all of Vancouver Island. Read More….



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