Deciduous Trees, Pacific Northwest
Deciduous trees are trees that shed their leaves every year. Unlike the evergreens, these trees lose their leaves during the cold or dry season, depending on the climate, and remain bare until the sap flows in the spring, bringing new leaves. We call them hardwoods.
In the fall, you will be amazed by the way deciduous trees leaves change color and the wide array of colors that their leaves display before they are shed. Depending on the variety, the leaves may turn from bright yellow to crimson and many shades of orange in between. The changing leaves mark the beginning of autumn.
Some of the most popular varieties include maples, garry oaks, cottonwoods, trembling aspen and the pacific crab apple.
Many deciduous trees, such as cherries, crab apples, magnolias, and dogwoods, flower when they are leafless or just beginning to grow new leaves. This aids the pollination process because the flowers are visible to insects and there are no leaves to obstruct the wind from carrying the pollen.
During the winter, the plants growing under these trees can receive plenty of sunlight due to there being no leaves. During the summer heat, they get a reprieve from the direct sun.