Spruce Bark, Cones, and needles can be used to make a tea or syrup that can relieve colds, reduce the fever from flu and ease joint pain that comes with these ailments. The cones produce the best medicine, cones are picked year-round from the tops of young trees but all the ingredients have various components that when cooked together complement each other both in taste and in the ability to work as medicine.
Directions for tea
Usually, about 15 cones along with needles and bark are boiled for 10 to 15 minutes in a pot of water to make tea. The longer they boil, the stronger the medicine becomes, strain the liquid before drinking it. Spruce tea relieves coughing and sore throats and stuffed chests. Those who are sick with colds can take it three or four times a day for up to five days. You can cool this tea and serve it over ice if you like. Sweeten to taste with honey or brown sugar syrup.
Directions for syrup
To make a syrup that can be used like any cold syrup as well as a winter treat when put on ice cream requires a bit more work. To make a basic syrup you add to a big pot all the ingredients and cover with water. Bring to a boil and then simmer the mix for several hours until it has reduced down to about a quarter of its contents and strain. Then add the sweetener and there it is.
I like to use three cups of spruce needles, around 15 spruce cones, about a cup of fir needles for a cystitis flavor, and some spruce gum if handy. The spruce gum is strong in medicine and only a small amount should be used. Cover with about 6 cups of water and boil this gently until it has reduced down to 3 cups in volume. Strain this.
Add to this mixture about 10 rose hips, place these in a tied muslin bag when adding to avoid getting any hip hairs in the mix as these will give one an itchy bottom. Along with the hips add some hawthorn berries and crowberries, both can be gathered in the late fall/winter months, don’t worry if the hawthorn berries are dried out as this is best.
Crow berries are gathered in the high country and can be found even when covered in snow. You can replace these berries with store-bought berries if you must. To this add a teaspoon of cinnamon, and you could add some grated orange or lemon peel for flavor. Bring to a boil and then simmer until you have a cup of fluid left, strain again, and add your sweetener. Honey works well or add a sugar sweetener.
To make a brown sugar sweetener just add equal amounts of brown sugar and water, boil down while stirring until it is a thick mixture. For every cup of syrup you will add a cup of honey or sugar mixture, simmer this for about 10 minutes, cool and place in a glass container. It will stay good for a month or more in the fridge.
Directions for use on cuts and other injuries
The Spruce tree has many medicinal uses, The sap that can be found year-round on spruce trees and in green firewood can be used to soothe irritated skin and, when applied to cuts, helps to heal and reduces the chance of infection. You are looking for new sap that has recently run from the wood of the tree.
Collect sap that’s really sticky and clear. Take it and warm it in the same amount of water until it’s melted, and then put an equal or slightly smaller amount of Vaseline, use a clean stick and stir it slowly. You can use this as a cream for cuts and sore muscles. It smells nice too. it should always be kept at room temperature.